- Sugar. There is broad scientific consensus that overconsumption of sugar is one of the main drivers of obesity in the United States. These scenarios explore the possibility that federal and state governments will file lawsuits against manufacturers of high-fructose corn syrup and sugar-sweetened beverages and snacks, convenience stores, and fast-food restaurants seeking to recover sugar-related public health care expenditures.
- Diesel exhaust. Diesel exhaust contributes significantly to the risk of cardiovascular disease in the United States and there is growing evidence that exposure to diesel exhaust in utero can lead to developmental injuries such as autism. These scenarios explore the possibility that federal, state, and local governments will file lawsuits against parties responsible for diesel emissions including oil refineries, port operations, railroads, trucking companies, and truck, bus, locomotive, and diesel engine manufacturers seeking to recover diesel-related public health care and educational expenditures.
- Addictive Software Design. Addictive software design refers to the development and deployment of social media, gaming, and other software applications designed to keep consumers constantly engaged with their products.
- Dicamba. A broad-spectrum herbicide designed to control broadleaf weeds in agricultural crops, grasslands and pasture, and in non-crop areas such as along fence rows, roads, and railways. The use of dicamba has grown rapidly since the introduction of dicamba-resistant seeds for cotton and soybeans in 2015/16.
- Glufosinate. A broad-spectrum herbicide applied directly to plant foliage. The major application for glufosinate is in agriculture where it is used to control weeds in crops such as corn, cotton, soybeans, and berries. Glufosinate is also used as a desiccant during harvest.
Updated Litagion agents based on newly published science
All Litagion agent profiles have been updated to reflect the most recently published peer-reviewed science. Notable scientific studies added to CoMeta since the last release include:
- Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP). A study shows that maternal urinary levels of DEHP during pregnancy are inversely related to offspring IQ.
In addition, we highlight the following changes to the components of Litagion agent risk resulting from newly published peer-reviewed science:
|Risk category change
|Overall risk change
|Diisononyl phthalate (DINP)
|Projected science risk changes from Medium-high (orange) to High (red)
|Change from Medium-high (orange) to High (red)
|Projected science risk changes from Medium (yellow) to Medium-high (orange)